The coffee plant is originally from Ethiopia, central Africa, where it still forms part of the natural vegetation today. Arabia was responsible for the spread of coffee culture. The name coffee does not originate from Kaffa, the plant’s place of origin, but from the Arabic word qahwa, which means wine. For this reason, coffee was known as “Arabian wine” when it arrived in Europe in the 14th century.
The oldest manuscripts mentioning the culture of coffee date from 575 in Yemen, where, consumed as a fresh fruit, it is grown. Only in the 16th century, in Persia, were the first coffee beans roasted to become the drink we now know as slippers.
Coffee became of great importance to the Arabs, who had complete control over the cultivation and preparation of the drink. At the time, coffee was a product kept under lock and key by the Arabs. Foreigners were prohibited from approaching the plantations, and the Arabs protected the seedlings with their own lives. The coffee seed outside the parchment does not sprout, therefore, only under these conditions could the seeds leave the country.
With the Dutch and French experiences, the cultivation of coffee was taken to other European colonies.
The growing European consumer market has led to the expansion of coffee planting in African countries and its arrival in the New World. Through the hands of European colonists, coffee reached Suriname, São Domingos, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guyana. It was through the Guianas that he arrived in northern Brazil. In this way, the secret of the Arabs spread to all corners of the world.
Hold a cup that exudes the aroma of good coffee and you will have the story in your hands.
Just a small sip of this tasty drink will allow you to be part of a huge chain of production, romanticism and bold moves, which began more than a thousand years ago in Ethiopia. The habit of drinking coffee was developed in Arab culture. In the beginning, coffee was known only for its stimulating properties and the fruit was consumed fresh, being used to feed and stimulate herds during trips. Over time, coffee began to be mashed and mixed with animal fat to facilitate its consumption during travel. In A.D. 1000, the Arabs began to prepare an infusion with the cherries, boiling them in water. Only in the 14th century, the roasting process was developed, and finally the drink acquired an aspect more similar to that of today.
The diffusion of the drink in the Arab world was quite rapid. Coffee became part of the daily life of the Arabs and, in 1475, a law was even enacted allowing the woman to request a divorce, if the husband was unable to provide her with a daily amount of the drink. The admiration for coffee later came to Europe during the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.